# Recent questions in English Language

1
Fill the gaps in the passage below with the most appropriate word from the options given for each gap. The right words are the ones used by the author. Be guided by the author's overall style and meaning when you choose the answers. In a large company, ______ ... a failed product and to ask how the process ____$(3)$___ such a phenomenon in the first place. derived engineered produced allowed
2
Fill the gaps in the passage below with the most appropriate word from the options given for each gap. The right words are the ones used by the author. Be guided by the author's overall style and meaning when you choose the answers. In a large company, ______$(1)$___ ... as a failed product and to ask how the process ____$(3)$___ such a phenomenon in the first place. resolve thwart defeat close
3
Fill the gaps in the passage below with the most appropriate word from the options given for each gap. The right words are the ones used by the author. Be guided by the author's overall style and meaning when you choose the answers. ... ____ and when they do assess alternatives, they may be externally nebulous about their criteria of evaluation. implications disadvantages utility alternatives
4
Fill the gaps in the passage below with the most appropriate word from the options given for each gap. The right words are the ones used by the author. Be guided by the author's overall style and meaning when you choose the ... ____ and when they do assess alternatives, they may be externally nebulous about their criteria of evaluation. quantitatively systematically scientifically analytically
5
Fill in the blanks, numbered $[1], [2], [3], [4], [5], [6]$ in the passage below with the most appropriate word from the options given for each blank. "Between the year $1946$ and the year $1955,$ ... can be $[4];$ automobiles may be $[5],$ auctioned off. Nothing belongs to the $[6]$ until the case is settled. purchaser victim investor offender
6
Fill in the blanks, numbered $[1], [2], [3], [4], [5], [6]$ in the passage below with the most appropriate word from the options given for each blank. "Between the year $1946$ and the year $1955,$ ... can be $[4];$ automobiles may be $[5],$ auctioned off. Nothing belongs to the $[6]$ until the case is settled. smashed seized dismantled frozen
7
Fill in the blanks, numbered $[1], [2], [3], [4], [5], [6]$ in the passage below with the most appropriate word from the options given for each blank. "Between the year $1946$ and the year $1955,$ ... can be $[4];$ automobiles may be $[5],$ auctioned off. Nothing belongs to the $[6]$ until the case is settled. closed detached attached impounded
8
Fill in the blanks, numbered $[1], [2], [3], [4], [5], [6]$ in the passage below with the most appropriate word from the options given for each blank. "Between the year $1946$ and the year $1955,$ I did not file any income tax returns." With that $[1]$ ... can be $[4];$ automobiles may be $[5],$ auctioned off. Nothing belongs to the $[6]$ until the case is settled. sanctions refunds fees fines
9
Fill in the blanks, numbered $[1], [2], [3], [4], [5], [6]$ in the passage below with the most appropriate word from the options given for each blank. "Between the year $1946$ and the year $1955,$ ... can be $[4];$ automobiles may be $[5],$ auctioned off. Nothing belongs to the $[6]$ until the case is settled. interest taxes principal returns
10
Fill in the blanks, numbered $[1], [2], [3], [4],$ in the passage below with the most appropriate word from the options given for each blank. At that time the White House was as serene as a resort hotel out of season. The corridors were $[1].$ In ... by President Eisenhower himself. Apparently, his $[3]$ was easily set off; he scowled when he $[4]$ the corridors. paced strolled stormed prowled
11
Fill in the blanks, numbered $[1], [2], [3], [4],$ in the passage below with the most appropriate word from the options given for each blank. At that time the White House was as serene as a resort hotel out of season. The corridors were $[1].$ In ... by President Eisenhower himself. Apparently, his $[3]$ was easily set off; he scowled when he $[4]$ the corridors. laughter curiosity humour temper
12
Fill in the blanks, numbered $[1], [2], [3], [4],$ in the passage below with the most appropriate word from the options given for each blank. At that time the White House was as serene as a resort hotel out of season. The corridors were $[1].$ In ... by President Eisenhower himself. Apparently, his $[3]$ was easily set off; he scowled when he $[4]$ the corridors. quiet faded loud stentorian
13
Today we can hardly conceive of ourselves without an unconscious. Yet between $1700$ and $1900,$ this notion developed as a genuinely original thought. The unconscious burst the shell of conventional language, coined as it had been to ... ? Language; Unconscious; Psychoanalysis. Imagination; Magnetism; Psychiatry. Literary language; Unconscious; Insanity. Unconscious; Latent conception; Dreams.
14
Today we can hardly conceive of ourselves without an unconscious. Yet between $1700$ and $1900,$ this notion developed as a genuinely original thought. The unconscious burst the shell of conventional language, coined as it had been to embody the ... and insanity. New conceptions in the nineteenth century could provide new knowledge because of the establishment of fields such as anaesthesiology.
15
Today we can hardly conceive of ourselves without an unconscious. Yet between $1700$ and $1900,$ this notion developed as a genuinely original thought. The unconscious burst the shell of conventional language, coined as it had been ... by time-honored expressions and traditional catchwords. Time-honored expressions and traditional catchwords were enriched by literary and intellectual language.
16
Today we can hardly conceive of ourselves without an unconscious. Yet between $1700$ and $1900,$ this notion developed as a genuinely original thought. The unconscious burst the shell of conventional language, coined as it had been to embody the fleeting ideas ... growing vocabulary of the soul and the mind, as diverse processes. The collating of diverse ideas under the single term: unconscious.
17
Keeping time accurately comes with a price. The maximum accuracy of a clock is directly related to how much disorder, or entropy, it creates every time it ticks. Natalia Area at the University of Oxford and her colleagues made this discovery using a tiny ... ; Heat; Quantum effects. Silicon Nitride; Energy; Grandfather Clock. Measuring Time; Accuracy; Entropy. Membrane; Arrow of time; Entropy.
18
Keeping time accurately comes with a price. The maximum accuracy of a clock is directly related to how much disorder, or entropy, it creates every time it ticks. Natalia Area at the University of Oxford and her colleagues made this discovery using a tiny ... grandfather clock and an atomic clock. In designing clocks for quantum computers, both precision and heat have to be taken into account.
19
Keeping time accurately comes with a price. The maximum accuracy of a clock is directly related to how much disorder, or entropy, it creates every time it ticks. Natalia Area at the University of Oxford and her colleagues made this discovery using a tiny clock with an ... , the greater the amount of fuel you will use, the greater the amount of heat produced and, hence, the greater the entropy.
20
Keeping time accurately comes with a price. The maximum accuracy of a clock is directly related to how much disorder, or entropy, it creates every time it ticks. Natalia Area at the University of Oxford and her colleagues made this discovery using a tiny clock ... as accurate. a clock with a $50$-nanometre-thick membrane of silicon nitride has been made to vibrate, producing electric currents.
21
Starting in $1957,$ [Noam Chomsky] proclaimed a new doctrine: Language, that most human of all attributes, was innate. The grammatical faculty was built into the infant brain, and your average $3$-year-old was not a mere apprentice in the ... possibility of a universal grammar. The language instinct. The inborn language acquisition skills of humans. The Darwinian explanatory paradigm for language.
22
Starting in $1957,$ [Noam Chomsky] proclaimed a new doctrine: Language, that most human of all attributes, was innate. The grammatical faculty was built into the infant brain, and your average $3$-year-old was not a mere apprentice in ... style from Chomsky. draws extensively from Chomsky's propositions. draws from behavioural psychology theories. disagrees with Chomsky on certain grounds.
23
Starting in $1957,$ [Noam Chomsky] proclaimed a new doctrine: Language, that most human of all attributes, was innate. The grammatical faculty was built into the infant brain, and your average $3$-year-old was not a mere apprentice in the great ... framework of Pinker's book makes it racist. Anatomical developments like the voice box play a key role in determining language acquisition skills.
24
Starting in $1957,$ [Noam Chomsky] proclaimed a new doctrine: Language, that most human of all attributes, was innate. The grammatical faculty was built into the infant brain, and your average $3$-year-old was not a mere apprentice in the great ... . not all intelligent primates are gifted with it. all intelligent primates are gifted with it. it confers an evolutionary reproductive advantage.
25
Back in the early $2000$s, an awesome thing happened in the New $\text{X}$-Men comics. Our mutant heroes had been battling giant robots called Sentinels for years, but suddenly these mechanical overlords spawned a new threat: Nano-Sentinels! Not content to rule Earth with ... . $\text{X}$-Men may be created by injecting people with mutant nano-gels that will respond to the brain's magnetic field.
26
Back in the early $2000$s, an awesome thing happened in the New $\text{X}$-Men comics. Our mutant heroes had been battling giant robots called Sentinels for years, but suddenly these mechanical overlords spawned a new threat: Nano-Sentinels! Not content to rule Earth ... like the New $\text{X}$-Men. Once the stuff of science fiction, nano-robots now feature in cutting-edge scientific research.
27
Back in the early $2000$s, an awesome thing happened in the New $\text{X}$-Men comics. Our mutant heroes had been battling giant robots called Sentinels for years, but suddenly these mechanical overlords spawned a new threat: Nano-Sentinels! Not content to rule ... Men. None of the options listed here. Tiny sentinels called $\text{X}$-men infected people, turning them into mutant robot overlords.
28
Back in the early $2000$s, an awesome thing happened in the New $\text{X}$-Men comics. Our mutant heroes had been battling giant robots called Sentinels for years, but suddenly these mechanical overlords spawned a new threat: Nano-Sentinels! Not content to rule ... cell. There are two kinds of molecules used to make some nano-robots: one that reacts positively to water and the other negatively.
29
The four sentences $( \text{labelled} \; 1, 2, 3, 4)$ below, when properly sequenced would yield a coherent paragraph. Decide on the proper sequencing of the order of the sentences and key in the sequence of the four numbers as your answer: It ... to regimes of truth acknowledges the central position of power/knowledge in the constitution of what has come to be considered true and real.
30
The four sentences $( \text{labelled} \; 1, 2, 3, 4)$ below, when properly sequenced would yield a coherent paragraph. Decide on the proper sequencing of the order of the sentences and key in the sequence of the four numbers as your answer: Restitution of ... in France and Germany would now like to defuse the colonial time bombs, and are now backing the return of part of their holdings.
31
The passage given below is followed by four alternate summaries. Choose the option that best captures the essence of the passage. People view idleness as a sin and industriousness as a virtue, and in the process have developed an unsatisfactory relationship with ... essential in today's world to enable economic progress, for education and health and to propel innovations that make life easier.
32
Five jumbled up sentences, related to a topic, are given below. Four of them can be put together to form a coherent paragraph. Identify the odd one out and key in the number of the sentence as your answer: They often include a foundation course on ... largely cater to the growing demand from China Inc which has become more global, richer and ready to recruit from this sinocentric student body.
33
Five jumbled up sentences, related to a topic, are given below. Four of them can be put together to form a coherent paragraph. Identify the odd one out and key in the number of the sentence as your answer: A typical example is Wikipedia, ... reflects the perspectives of the male stereotype, then new technologies are unlikely to accommodate the diverse social contexts within which they operate.
34
The passage given below is followed by four alternate summaries. Choose the option that best captures the essence of the passage. Brazil's growth rate has been low, yet most Brazilians say their financial situation has improved, and they expect it to get ... the state. With rising incomes and falling unemployment, most Brazilians are being misled into thinking that their economy is doing well.
35
The four sentences $( \text{labelled} \; 1, 2, 3$ and $4)$ below, when properly sequenced would yield a coherent paragraph. Decide on the proper sequencing of the order of the sentences and key in the sequence of the four numbers as your answer: ... on trade, offshoring and immigration. Economists, based on their research, say that the bigger threat to jobs now is not globalisation but automation.
36
The passage given below is followed by four alternate summaries. Choose the option that best captures the essence of the passage. The human mind is wired to see patterns. Not only does the brain process information as it comes in, it also stores ... qualitative experience. Intuitions are neuro-chemical firings based on pattern recognition and draw upon a rich and vast database of experiences.
37
The passage below is accompanied by a set of questions. Choose the best answer to each question. It has been said that knowledge, or the problem of knowledge, is the scandal of philosophy. The scandal is philosophy's apparent inability to show how, when ... of reality cannot be merged with our process of conceiving it. Our knowledge of reality floats above our subjective perception of it.