# CAT 2021 Set-3 | Verbal Ability and Reading Comprehension | Question: 19

67 views

The passage given below is followed by four alternate summaries. Choose the option that best captures the essence of the passage.

People view idleness as a sin and industriousness as a virtue, and in the process have developed an unsatisfactory relationship with their jobs. Work has become a way for them to keep busy, even though many find their work meaningless. In their need for activity people undertake what was once considered work (fishing, gardening) as hobbies. The opposing view is that hard work has made us prosperous and improved our levels of health and education. It has also brought innovation and labour and time-saving devices, which have lessened life’s drudgery.

1. Some believe that hard work has been glorified to the extent that it has become meaningless, and led to greater idleness, but it has also had enormous positive impacts on everyday life.
2. While the idealisation of hard work has propelled people into meaningless jobs and endless activity, it has also led to tremendous social benefits from prosperity and innovation.
3. Hard work has overtaken all aspects of our lives and has enabled economic prosperity, but it is important that people reserve their leisure time for some idleness.
4. Despite some detractors, hard work is essential in today’s world to enable economic progress, for education and health and to propel innovations that make life easier.

retagged

## Related questions

1
110 views
Today we can hardly conceive of ourselves without an unconscious. Yet between $1700$ and $1900,$ this notion developed as a genuinely original thought. The unconscious burst the shell of conventional language, coined as it had been to ... ? Language; Unconscious; Psychoanalysis. Imagination; Magnetism; Psychiatry. Literary language; Unconscious; Insanity. Unconscious; Latent conception; Dreams.
2
74 views
Today we can hardly conceive of ourselves without an unconscious. Yet between $1700$ and $1900,$ this notion developed as a genuinely original thought. The unconscious burst the shell of conventional language, coined as it had been to embody the ... and insanity. New conceptions in the nineteenth century could provide new knowledge because of the establishment of fields such as anaesthesiology.
3
78 views
Today we can hardly conceive of ourselves without an unconscious. Yet between $1700$ and $1900,$ this notion developed as a genuinely original thought. The unconscious burst the shell of conventional language, coined as it had been ... by time-honored expressions and traditional catchwords. Time-honored expressions and traditional catchwords were enriched by literary and intellectual language.
4
79 views
Today we can hardly conceive of ourselves without an unconscious. Yet between $1700$ and $1900,$ this notion developed as a genuinely original thought. The unconscious burst the shell of conventional language, coined as it had been to embody the fleeting ideas ... growing vocabulary of the soul and the mind, as diverse processes. The collating of diverse ideas under the single term: unconscious.