# CAT 2021 Set-1 | Quantitative Aptitude | Question: 3

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The natural numbers are divided into groups as $(1), (2,3,4), (5,6,7,8,9), \dots$ and so on. Then, the sum of the numbers in the $15 \text{th}$ group is equal to

1. $6090$
2. $4941$
3. $6119$
4. $7471$

We can write the number in the $n^{\text{th}}$ group.

• The number in $1^{\text{st}}$ group $= (1)$
• The number in $2^{\text{nd}}$ group $= (2, 3, 4)$
• The number in $3^{\text{rd}}$ group $= (5, 6, 7, 8, 9)$
• $\vdots \quad \vdots \quad \vdots$
• The number in $n^{\text{th}}$ group $= \left( n^{2} – (2n-2), n^{2} – (2n-1), \dots, n^{2} – 1, n^{2} \right)$

The number of element in $n^{\text{th}}$ group $= 2n – 1$

So, the sum of numbers of $n^{\text{th}}$ group

$S_{n} = n^{2} + (n^{2}-1) + (n^{2}-2) + \dots + \left( n^{2} – (2n-2) \right)$

$\Rightarrow S_{n} = (2n – 1)n^{2} – \left( 1 + 2 + 3 + \dots + (2n-2) \right)$

$\Rightarrow S_{n} = (2n-1)n^{2} + \frac{(2n-2)(2n-1)}{2}$

$\Rightarrow S_{n} = (2n-1)n^{2} + (n-1)(2n-1)$

$\Rightarrow S_{n} = (2n-1)n^{2} + 2n^{2} – n – 2n + 1$

$\Rightarrow S_{n} = (2n-1)n^{2} + 2n^{2} – 3n + 1$

$\Rightarrow S_{n} = (2n-1) (n^{2} – n + 1)$

$\Rightarrow S_{n} = 2n^{3} – 3n^{2} + 3n – 1$

$\Rightarrow S_{n} = n^{3} + n^{3} – 3n^{2} + 3n – 1$

$\Rightarrow S_{n} = n^{3} + (n-1)^{3} \quad [\because n^{3} – 3n^{2} + 3n – 1 = (n-1)^{3}]$

$\therefore$ The sum of the numbers in the $15^{\text{th}}$ group $= 15^{3} + (15-1)^{3}$

$\qquad \qquad \qquad = 15^{3} + 14^{3} = 3375 + 2744= 6119.$

Correct Answer $: \text{C}$

nth group starts with $(n-1)$$^{2} + 1 and ends with n$$^{2}$ and every group consists $2n-1$ numbers
$15th$ group starts with 196 and ends with $225$

$sum$ = $\frac{No of terms}{2}$ * $[first$ $term$+$last$ $term]$ = $\frac{29}{2} * [(196+1) + 225]$ = $6119$

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