A set of consecutive positive integers beginning with $1$ is written on the blackboard. A student came along and erased one number. The average of the remaining numbers is $35 \frac{7}{17}$. What was the number erased?

- $7$
- $8$
- $9$
- None of these

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1
votes

A set of consecutive positive integers beginning with $1$ is written on the blackboard. A student came along and erased one number. The average of the remaining numbers is $35 \frac{7}{17}$. What was the number erased?

- $7$
- $8$
- $9$
- None of these

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Best answer

0
votes

**Sum of all the numbers from 1 to n = n(n+1) / 2 **

Assuming the erased number is x

After erasing one number remaining numbers = (n-1)

∴ Sum - x = 35 7/17 (n-1)

∴ {n(n+1) / 2} - x = 35 7/17 *(n-1)

As 1 to n all are natural numbers & x is also a natural number between 1 to n

**On a series of natural numbers, after erasing one natural number the maximum change in average can be only 0.5**

So, post-erasing

the average will be in the vicinity of 35 (≈ 35)

Before erasing the average is in the vicinity of 35 (≈ 35)

We know that **the average is the middle term of any sequence**

So, the middle term is also in the vicinity of 35 (≈ 35)

∴ The number of terms n has to be in the vicinity of 70 [35*2]

∴ (n-1) also has to be in the vicinity of 70

And

post-erasing

the series will be 1 to (n-1)

∴ Sum / (n-1) = 35 7/17

∴ (n-1) has to be a multiple of 17

and as (n-1) is in the vicinity of 70

∴ **(n-1) = 17 * 4 = 68**

∴ **n= 69**

Now, we'll put the value of n in 1)

{n(n+1) / 2} - x = 35 7/17 *(n-1)

69 *70 / 2 - x = [ {(35 *17) + 7} * 68 ] / 17

2415 - x = 40936 / 17

x = 2415 - 2408

∴ **x = 7**

**∴ 15 is erased from the sequence or series of natural numbers from 1 to 69**

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