Read each of the short passages given below and answer the questions that follows it.
The dominant modern belief is that the soundest foundation of peace would be universal prosperity. One may look in vain for historical evidence that the rich have regularly been more peaceful than the poor, but it can be argued that they have never felt secure against the poor; that their aggressiveness stemmed from fear; and that the situation would be quite different if everybody were rich. It can be inferred from the above passage that:
- Most aggression in the world stems from the desire of the haves to defend themselves against the have-nots.
- Prosperity as foolproof measure of peace can no longer be accepted.
- Both a and b.
- Neither a nor b.