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Mira and Amal walk along a circular track, starting from the same point at the same time. If they walk in the same direction, then in $45 \; \text{minutes},$ Amal completes exactly $3$ more rounds than Mira. If they walk in opposite directions, then they meet for the first time exactly after $3 \; \text{minutes}.$ The number of rounds Mira walks in one hour is
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Let’s draw the track.

Let the length (circumference) of the circular track be $\text{L}$ km.

Let the distance traveled by Mira in $1$ minute be $\text{M}$ km, and the distance traveled by Amal in $1$ minute be $\text{A}$ km.

Now, $45 \; \text{A} = 45 \; \text{M} + 3 \; \text{L}$

$\Rightarrow 45 \; \text{A} - 45 \; \text{M} = 3 \quad \text{L} \; \longrightarrow(1)$

And $\text{3A} + \text{3M} = \text{L} \quad \longrightarrow(2)$

From equation $(1)$ and $(2).$

$\require{cancel} \begin{array}{} 45 \; \text{A} - 45 \; \text{M} = 3 \; \text{L} \\ (\text{3A} + \text{3M} = \text{L}) \times 15 \\\hline  \cancel{45 \; \text{A}} - 45 \; \text{M} = 3 \; \text{L} \\  \cancel{45 \; \text{A}} + 45 \; \text{M} = 15 \; \text{L} \\ \;– \qquad \quad – \qquad  \quad–  \\\hline \qquad \quad -90 \; \text{M} = -12 \; \text{L}  \end{array}$

$\Rightarrow \text{M} = \frac{12 \; \text{L}}{90}$

$\Rightarrow \boxed{\text{M} = \frac{2 \; \text{L}}{15}}$

Now, 

  • $1 \;  \text{minute} \; \longrightarrow \frac{2 \; \text{L}}{15}$
  • $60 \;  \text{minute} \; \longrightarrow \frac{2 \; \text{L}}{15} \times 60$
  • $1 \; \text{hour} \; \longrightarrow \; 8 \; \text{L}$

$\therefore$ The number of rounds Mira walks in one hour is $8\;\text{rounds}.$

Correct Answer $:8$

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