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Let $\text{C}1$ and $\text{C}2$ be concentric circles such that the diameter of $\text{C}1$ is $2 \; \text{cm}$ longer than that of $\text{C}2.$ If a chord of $\text{C}1$ has length $6 \; \text{cm}$ and is a tangent to $\text{C}2,$ then the diameter, in $\text{cm},$ of $\text{C}1$ is
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Given that, the diameter of $\text{C1}$ is $2 \; \text{cm}$ longer than $\text{C}2.$

So, the radius of $\text{C}1$ should be $1 \; \text{cm}$ longer than $\text{C}2.$

Let the radius of $\text{C}1 = \text{R}\; \text{cm}$

So, the radius of $\text{C}2 = \text{R-1} \; \text{cm}$

The chord of $\text{C}1$ has length $6 \; \text{cm}$ and is a tangent to $\text{C}2.$

Now, we can draw the diagram,

DIAGRAM

In $\triangle \text{OCB},$ using the pythagoras’ theorem,

$\text{(OB)}^{2} = \text{(OC)}^{2} + \text{(CB)}^{2} $

$ \Rightarrow \text{R}^{2} = \text{(R-1)}^{2} + 3^{2} $

$ \Rightarrow \text{R}^{2} = \text{R}^{2} + 1 –  2 \text{R} + 9 $

$ \Rightarrow 2 \text{R} = 10 $

$ \Rightarrow \boxed { \text{R} = 5 \; \text{cm}} $

So, diameter of $\text{C}1 = 2 \text{R} = 2(5) = 10 \; \text{cm}.$

$\therefore$ The diameter of $\text{C}1$ is $10 \; \text{cm}.$

Correct Answer$: 10$
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