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Hopfield networks are a type of _________.

1. Giga bit network
2. Terra bit network
3. Artificial neural network
4. Wireless network

In $1982,$ John Hopfield introduced an artificial neural network to collect and retrieve memory like the human brain. Here, a neuron is either on or off the situation. The state of a neuron $\text{(on +1 or off 0)}$ will be restored, relying on the input it receives from the other neuron. A Hopfield network is at first prepared to store various patterns or memories. Afterward, it is ready to recognize any of the learned patterns by uncovering partial or even some corrupted data about that pattern, i.e., it eventually settles down and restores the closest pattern. Thus, similar to the human brain, the Hopfield model has stability in pattern recognition.

So, the correct answer is $(C).$

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