485 views

What is the largest positive integer $n$ such that $\frac{n^{2}+7n+12}{n^{2}-n-12}$ is also a positive integer?

1. $8$
2. $12$
3. $16$
4. $6$

Option (D)
edited

@haralk

Option D would have been correct when they ask the question as “For what value of $n$ the result of the following expression $\cfrac{n^{2}+7n+12}{n^{2}-n-12}$ is maximum?”

$\cfrac{n^{2}+7n+12}{n^{2}-n-12} = \cfrac{n^{2}+3n+4n+12}{n^{2}+3n-4n-12}$

$= \cfrac{n(n+3)+4(n+3)}{n(n+3)-4(n+3)}$$\require{cancel}$

$= \cfrac{\cancel{(n+3)}(n+4)}{\cancel{(n+3)}(n-4)} = \cfrac{(n+4)}{(n-4)}$

$\therefore \cfrac{n^{2}+7n+12}{n^{2}-n-12} = \cfrac{(n+4)}{(n-4)}$

Now let’s substitute $n$ values given in options

1. $n = 8$

$\cfrac{(n+4)}{(n-4)} = \cfrac{(8+4)}{(8-4)} =\cfrac{(12)}{(4)} = 3$ (Positive Integer)

1. $n = 12$

$\cfrac{(n+4)}{(n-4)} = \cfrac{(12+4)}{(12-4)} =\cfrac{(16)}{(8)} = 2$ (Positive Integer)

1. $n = 16$

$\cfrac{(n+4)}{(n-4)} = \cfrac{(16+4)}{(16-4)} =\cfrac{(20)}{(12)} \sim 1.67$ (Not an integer)

1. $n = 6$

$\cfrac{(n+4)}{(n-4)} = \cfrac{(6+4)}{(6-4)} =\cfrac{(10)}{(2)} = 5$ (Positive Integer)

Options A, B, D have produced the result as a positive integer. In question, given that we need to find “largest positive integer $n$ such that $\cfrac{n^{2}+7n+12}{n^{2}-n-12}$ is also a positive integer.” n

Hence correct answer is Option B.

Note: Option D would have been correct when they ask the question as “For what value of $n$ the result of the following expression $\cfrac{n^{2}+7n+12}{n^{2}-n-12}$ is maximum?”

152 points

1 vote
1
307 views
1 vote
2
375 views
1 vote