506 views

Arun's present age in years is $40\%$ of Barun's. In another few years, Arun's age will be half of Barun' s. By what percentage will Barun's age increase during this period?

1. $15$
2. None of these
3. $25$
4. $30$

## 1 Answer

Let the present age of Barun’s be $x$ years,

Therefore, Arun’s Present age $=40\%$ of $x=\frac{40}{100} \times x = \frac{2x}{5}$ years.

Let, after $t$ years Arun’s age will be half of Barun’s age.

Now,  $\frac{2x}{5} + t = \frac{1}{2}(x + t)$

$\Rightarrow \frac{2x+5t}{5} = \frac{x+t}{2}$

$\Rightarrow4x+10t = 5x+5t$

$\Rightarrow x = 5t$

$\therefore$ The Barun’s age increased by $= \left[\frac{(x+t)-x}{x}\right]\times100 \% = \frac{t}{x}\times 100 \% = \frac{t}{5t}\times 100 \% = 20\%.$

$\textbf{Short Method:}$ Let the present age of Barun’s be $100$ years,

Therefore, Arun’s Present age $= 40$ years.

Let, after $t$ years Arun’s age will be half of Barun’s age.

Now,  $40 + t = \frac{1}{2}(100 + t)$

$\Rightarrow 80 + 2t = 100 + t$

$\Rightarrow t = 20$

$\therefore$ The Barun’s age increased by $= \dfrac{20}{100} \times 100\% = 20\%.$

Correct Answer $:\text{B}$

11.4k points
Answer:

1 vote
1 answer
1
2 votes
1 answer
2
367 views
2 votes
1 answer
3
1 vote
1 answer
4
447 views
1 vote
1 answer
5