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Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions based on that.

Human reason, in one sphere of its cognition, is called upon to consider questions, which it cannot decline, as they are presented by its own nature but which it cannot answer, as they transcend every faculty of the mind.

It falls into this difficulty without any fault of its own. It begins with principles which cannot be dispensed within the field of experience and the truth and sufficiency of which are, at the same time insured by experience. With these principles it rises, in obedience to the laws of its own nature, to ever higher and more remote conditions. But it quickly discovers that in this way, its labours must remain ever incomplete because new questions never cease to present themselves and thus it finds itself compelled to have recourse to principles which transcend the region of experience while they are regarded by common sense without distrust. It thus falls into confusion and contradictions from which it conjectures the presence of latent errors. which however, it is unable to discover because the principles it employs transcending the limits of experience cannot be tested by that criterion. The arena of these endless contents is called Metaphysic.

Time, when she was the queen of all the sciences and if we take the will for the deed, she certainly deserves, so far as regards the high importance of her object-matter, this title of honour.

According to the author ‘Metaphysic’ is best defined when human reason

  1. becomes conscious of the presence of latent errors
  2. solves pending old questions, tackles new ones that arise
  3. employs principles that transcend the limits of experience 
  4. rises to higher and more remote conditions
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